Women taken by disasters. London Model United Nations.
By Ángeles Lucas
The defense of equality should continue after a climate disaster, but if maintaining the human rights among the people is difficult on those circumstances, could it be worst for women? This report will look at why climate change and disasters could affect women more. The United Nation Environment Program committee has considered this topic the first to be treated on the LIMUN 2012 as women have some disadvantages in situations when the earth claims attention. That´s the topic: Women at the front line of Climate Change-Gender risks and hopes.
“Human trafficking is one of the biggest problems”, says the UNEP´s chair Sarah Sarwar. “After a disaster, women become displaced because they don´t know what to do, they are alone, defenseless and that can provoke easy human trafficking chains and abuses, that happens strongly in Nepal”, she says.
Disadvantages in feminine
The absence of education also carries some other problems in cases of catastrophe. “They don´t know how to climb trees in cases of floods, not even swim, as the men can do, so they die sooner by drowning”, add Sarwar.
The illiteracy and living just as mothers and wives is one of the reasons that make the situation more complicate for women after disasters. It is very usual to see images of them walking for many kilometers to find a source of water, to clean, cook, drink… it´s a consequence also of climate change.
Working paper drafts
The delegates are hardworking to design final solutions for these situations. The working papers gathered by groups of countries are trying to stress the main points to be considered on the issue. Some groups of the committee “will urge all countries to seek improvements in all aspects including development for more environmental friendly economies, social protection and environmental control whilst respecting their local culture and country sovereignty.
And for more sustainable solutions: “calls for greater inter-governmental police force co-operation on the issue of border security and protection for women on the discretion of the affected countries; calls for country specific education to women in various countries aiming to help develop survival skills, help enhance education level of women and increase their employability with the help of UN agencies such as UNESCO.
Other groups consider that the long-term issue of assisting women against climate change needs to be addressed through measures including, but not limited to; “Long-term action against climate change. Reduction of greenhouse gases as listed in Annex A of the Kyoto Protocol; efforts to maintain and increase recycling and proposing a technology transfer in this matter from developed countries to developing countries and efforts to improve water security and proposing a technology transfer in this matter from developed countries to developing countries”.
Later at LIMUN, the delegates will also consider the post disaster environmental management in Gaza Strip. It was difficult to decide which one to choose first. Both of them require very careful consideration of the international forces joined to save the environment and human rights. Now it is up to the delegates to decide the best way to achieve the common aim.